Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind CBSE Class 9 English

Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind
Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind

Best Stories A Truly Beautiful MindBest Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind CBSE Class 9 English Explanation, Summary:

This chapter is about Albert Einstein. He was a great scientist. The title of the chapter ‘A Really Good Idea’ refers to Albert Einstein. This is his short story in which some of his qualities are highlighted – Albert’s interest in Mathematics and Physics and his personal qualities.

Who do you think of, when you hear the word ‘genius’? Who is a genius what qualities do you think a genius has?
• We shall now read about a young German civil servant who took the world by storm about a hundred years ago. In the summer of 1905, the 26-year-old published in quick succession four ground-breaking papers: about light, the motion of particles, the electrodynamics of moving bodies, and energy. His work took up only a few pages in scientific journals, but changed forever our understanding of space, time and the entire cosmos and transformed the name ‘Einstein’ into a synonym for genius.
• Fifty years after his death, Albert Einstein’s genius still reigns.

Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind
Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind

1) ALBERT Einstein was born on 14 March 1879 in the German city of Ulm, without any indication that he was destined for greatness. On the contrary, his mother thought Albert was a freak. To her, his head seemed much too large.

2) At the age of two-and-a-half, Einstein still wasn’t talking. When he finally did learn to speak, he uttered everything twice. Einstein did not know what to do with other children, and his playmates called him “Brother Boring.” So the youngster played by himself much of the time. He especially loved mechanical toys. Looking at his newborn sister, Maja, he is said to have said: “Fine, but where are her wheels?”

3) A headmaster once told his father that what Einstein chose as a profession wouldn’t matter, because “he’ll never make a success at anything.” Einstein began learning to play the violin at the age of six because his mother wanted him to; he later became a gifted amateur violinist, maintaining this skill throughout his life.

4) But Albert Einstein was not a bad pupil. He went to high school in Munich, where Einstein’s family had moved when he was 15 months old, and scored good marks in almost every subject. Einstein hated the school’s regimentation and often clashed with his teachers. At the age of 15, Einstein felt so stifled there that he left the school for good

5) But Albert Einstein was not a bad pupil. He went to high school in Munich, where Einstein’s family had moved when he was 15 months old, and scored good marks in almost every subject. Einstein hated the school’s regimentation and often clashed with his teachers. At the age of 15, Einstein felt so stifled there that he left the school for good

6) Einstein was highly gifted in mathematics and interested in physics, and after finishing school, he decided to study at a university in Zurich. But science wasn’t the only thing that appealed to the dashing young man with the walrus moustache.

Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind
Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind

7) He also felt a special interest in a fellow student, Mileva Maric, whom he found to be a “clever creature.” This young Serb had come to Switzerland because the University in Zurich was one of the few in Europe where women could get degrees. Einstein saw in her an ally against the “philistines” those people in his family and at the university with whom he was constantly at odds. The couple fell in love. Letters survive in which they put their affection into words, mixing science with tenderness. Wrote Einstein: “How happy and proud I shall be when we both have brought our work on relativity to a victorious conclusion.”

8) In 1900, at the age of 21, Albert Einstein was a university graduate and unemployed. He worked as a teaching assistant, gave private lessons and finally secured a job in 1902 as a technical expert in the patent office in Bern. While he was supposed to be assessing other people’s inventions, Einstein was actually developing his own ideas in secret. He is said to have jokingly called his desk drawer at work the “bureau of theoretical physics.”

9) One of the famous papers of 1905 was Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, according to which time and distance are not absolute. Indeed, two perfectly accurate clocks will not continue to show the same time if they come together again after a journey if one of them has been moving very fast relative to the other. From this followed the world’s most famous formula which describes the relationship between mass and energy:

E = mc2

10) While Einstein was solving the most difficult problems in physics, his private life was unravelling. Albert had wanted to marry Mileva right after finishing his studies, but his mother was against it. She thought Mileva, who was three years
older than her son, was too old for him. She was also bothered by Mileva’s intelligence. “She is a book like you,” his mother said. Einstein put the wedding off

11) The pair finally married in January 1903 and had two sons. But a few years later, the marriage faltered. Mileva, meanwhile, was losing her intellectual ambition and becoming an unhappy housewife. After years of constant fighting, the couple finally divorced in 1919. Einstein married his cousin Elsa the same year.

12) Einstein’s new personal chapter coincided with his rise to world fame. In 1915, he had published his General Theory of Relativity, which provided a new interpretation of gravity. An eclipse of the sun in 1919 brought proof that it was accurate. Einstein had correctly calculated in advance the extent to which the light from fixed stars would be deflected
through the sun’s gravitational field. The newspapers proclaimed his work as “a scientific revolution.”

Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind
Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind

13) Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics in He was showered with honours and invitations from all over the world, and lauded by the press

14) When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Einstein emigrated to the United States. Five years later, the discovery of nuclear fission in Berlin had American physicists in an uproar. Many of them had fled from Fascism, just as Einstein had, and now they were afraid the Nazis could build and use an atomic bomb.

15) When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Einstein emigrated to the United States. Five years later, the discovery of nuclear fission in Berlin had American physicists in an uproar. Many of them had fled from Fascism, just as Einstein had, and now they were afraid the Nazis could build and use an atomic bomb.

16) Einstein was deeply shaken by the extent of the destruction. This time he wrote a public missive to the United Nations. In it, he proposed the formation of a world government. Unlike the letter to Roosevelt, this one made no impact. But over the next decade, Einstein got ever more involved in politics agitating for an end to the arms buildup and using his popularity to campaign for peace and democracy.

17) When Einstein died in 1955 at the age of 76, he was celebrated as a visionary and world citizen as much as a scientific genius.

Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind Question and answers:

Q. 1) Here are some headings for paragraphs in the text. Write the number(s) of the
paragraph(s) for each title against the heading. The first one is done for you.

(i) Einstein’s equation                                                       [ ]
(ii) Einstein meets his future wife                                     [ ]
(iii) The making of a violinist                                          [ ]
(iv) Mileva and Einstein’s mother                                    [ ]
(v) A letter that launched the arms race                          [ ]
(vi) A desk drawer full of ideas                                        [ ]
(vii) Marriage and divorce 
[ ]

Ans: (i) Einstein’s equation                                      [9]
(ii) Einstein meets his future wife                                [7]
(iii) The making of a violinist                                            [3]
(iv) Mileva and Einstein’s mother                                  [10]
(v) A letter that launched the arms race                                   [15]
(vi) A desk drawer full of ideas                                     [8]
(vii) Marriage and divorce           

Q. 2) Who had these opinions about Einstein?

(i) He was boring.
(ii) He was stupid and would never succeed in life.
(iii) He was a freak.

Ans: (i) playmates
(ii) headmaster
(iii) mother

Q. 3) Explain what the reasons for the following are.

(i) Einstein leaving the school in Munich for good.
(ii) Einstein wanting to study in Switzerland rather than in Munich.
(iii) Einstein seeing in Mileva an ally.
(iv) What do these tell you about Einstein?

Ans: (i) strict regimentation at school.
(ii) Liberal atmosphere
(iii) Like him, Mileva also disapproved of the ‘philistines’ those who disliked art, literature or music.
(iv) He loved freedom. He was a liberal and cultured person

Q. 4) What did Einstein call his desk drawer at the patent office? Why?

Ans: He called his desk drawer at the patent office ‘the bureau of theoretical physics’ because he stored his secret papers on ideas on physics there.

Q. 5) Why did Einstein write a letter to Franklin Roosevelt?

Ans: Einstein feared that the Germans under the rule of the Nazis had developed the atomic bomb and could misuse it. He wrote to the president of the USA to warn him of this development.

Q. 6) How did Einstein react to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

Ans:  Einstein was deeply shaken by the disaster caused in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He wrote a public missive to the United Nations demanding the formation of a world government to stop the development of nuclear weapons.

Q. 7) Why does the world remember Einstein as a “world citizen”?

Ans: Einstein was a ‘world citizen’ because of his efforts for world peace and non-violence.

Q. 8)  Here are some facts from Einstein’s life. Arrange them in chronological order.

[ ] Einstein publishes his special theory of relativity.
[ ] He is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
[ ] Einstein writes a letter to U.S. President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and
warns against Germany’s building of an atomic bomb.
[ ] Einstein attends a high school in Munich.
[ ] Einstein’s family moves to Milan.
[ ] Einstein is born in the German city of Ulm.
[ ] Einstein joins a university in Zurich, where he meets Mileva.
[ ] Einstein dies.
[ ] He provides a new interpretation of gravity.
[ ] Tired of the school’s regimentation, Einstein withdraws from school.
[ ] He works in a patent office as a technical expert.
[ ] When Hitler comes to power, Einstein leaves Germany for the United
States.

Ans: [7] Einstein publishes his special theory of relativity.
[9] He is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
[11] Einstein writes a letter to U.S. President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and
warns against Germany’s building of an atomic bomb.
[2] Einstein attends a high school in Munich.
[3] Einstein’s family moves to Milan.
[1] Einstein is born in the German city of Ulm.
[5] Einstein joins a university in Zurich, where he meets Mileva.
[12] Einstein dies.
[8] He provides a new interpretation of gravity.
[4] Tired of the school’s regimentation, Einstein withdraws from school.
[6] He works in a patent office as a technical expert.
[10] When Hitler comes to power, Einstein leaves Germany for the United
States.

Best Stories A Truly Beautiful Mind Question and answers: MCQ

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